Renin Secretion in the Chronically Perfused Pulseless Calf: Evidence for Failure of Stimulation by Decreased Pulse Pressure

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To study the influence of arterial pulse pressure on renin release, a chronic pulseless calf preparation was developed using a centrifugal left ventricular bypass blood pump. After pump implantation and recovery, control measurements of renal vein and arterial plasma renin activity, arterial pressure, and renal artery flow were obtained. The centrifugal bypass pump rate then was increased to capture cardiac output completely, and nine conscious calves were perfused in a nonpulsatile manner (pulse pressure <5-10 mm Hg) for 48 hours. Nonpulsatile perfusion was well tolerated and serum sodium, potassium, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen were unchanged during bypass. Mean arterial pressure remained relatively constant [117 ± 3 (SE) mm Hg] during bypass, and was not significantly changed from control. Although renal blood flow decreased slightly from control (667 ± 84 ml/min) during the nonpulsatile perfusion period (SS5 ± 73 ml/min), renin secretion did not increase significantly from control (482 ± 81 ng angiotensin I/ml per hr per min) during the bypass period (531 ± 99). A diurnal cycle of renin secretion was observed during the pulseless pet-fusions. These data document the lack of any significant stimulatory influence of decreased pulse pressure on renin secretion in a chronic awake calf model. Ore Res 46:100-107, 1979

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