Coronary Vasoactivity of Adenosine in the Conscious Dog

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Abstract

SUMMARY

Intracoronary adenosine infusions in conscious dogs produced half-maximal coronary vasodilation at 0.57 ± 0.18 (SD) /IM and at 1.01 ± 0.25 pM in open-chest dogs. In both preparations, adenosine at concentrations in the range found in cardiac muscle by direct analysis produced coronary vasodilation equal to that attained during a maximum reactive hyperemic response. The quantitative structure-activity relationship technique was applied to data on the coronary vasoactivity of 68 adenosine analogs to identify the chemical features of this molecule that determine its vasoactivity. These are: (1) the size of the purine base; (2) the inductive effect of the C-2 substituent; (3) the electron-withdrawing effect of the C-6 substituent; (4) the glycosylic torsion angle; (5) the ability of the C-2' and C-3' hydroxyls to participate in hydrogen bonding; (7) the absence of sterically hindering groups in the vicinity of C-2+ and, more importantly, C-3'; and (8) the inductive effect of the C-5' substituent The hydrophobicity of these analogs did not correlate with vasoactivity, suggesting that the hydrophilicity of the ribose moiety overshadows any hydrophobic influence of the very weakly aromatic purine base. Ore Res 45: 468-478, 1979

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