Interferon Induction of TAP1: The Phosphatase SHP-1 Regulates Crossover Between the IFN-alpha/beta and the IFN-gamma Signal-Transduction Pathways

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Interferon (IFN)-gamma and IFN-alpha/beta induction of the transporter associated with antigen processing-1 (TAP1) promoter was compared in HeLa cells and endothelial cells (ECs). In HeLa cells, IFN-gamma acts through Stat1 alpha/Stat1 alpha homodimers binding to the gamma activating sequence (GAS) and IFN-alpha/beta acts through Stat1/Stat2/p48 binding to the IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE). In ECs, however, IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha/beta act through both the GAS and ISRE. The basis of the IFN signaling crossover in ECs was investigated. HeLa and ECs contain similar ratios of Stat1 alpha to Stat2 proteins, and IFN-alpha/beta also activates the same Janus kinases (JAKs) (Jak1 and tyrosine kinase (Tyk) 2 but not Jak2). However, IFN-alpha/beta activates more Stat1 alpha than does IFN-gamma in ECs, whereas the reverse occurs in HeLa, and expression of the IFN-alpha/beta receptor-associated phosphatase SHP-1 is much lower in ECs than HeLa cells. Overexpression of SHP-1 in ECs blocks IFN-alpha/beta signaling through GAS, and expression of a dominant negative SHP-1 in HeLa cells permits IFN-alpha/beta signaling through GAS, demonstrating a role for SHP-1 in regulating crossovers between the IFN-alpha/beta and IFN-gamma signaling pathways. (Circ Res. 1998;83:815-823.)

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