Inhibition of PKCα/β With Ruboxistaurin Antagonizes Heart Failure in Pigs After Myocardial Infarction Injury

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Protein kinase Cα (PKCα) activity and protein level are induced during cardiac disease where it controls myocardial contractility and propensity to heart failure in mice and rats. For example, mice lacking the gene for PKCα have enhanced cardiac contractility and reduced susceptibility to heart failure after long-term pressure overload or after myocardial infarction injury. Pharmacological inhibition of PKCα/β with Ro-32-0432, Ro-31-8220 or ruboxistaurin (LY333531) similarly enhances cardiac function and antagonizes heart failure in multiple models of disease in both mice and rats.


Large and small mammals differ in several key indexes of heart function and biochemistry, lending uncertainty as to how PKCα/β inhibition might affect or protect a large animal model of heart failure.

Methods and Results:

We demonstrate that ruboxistaurin administration to a pig model of myocardial infarction–induced heart failure was protective. Twenty-kilogram pigs underwent left anterior descending artery occlusion resulting in myocardial infarctions and were then divided into vehicle or ruboxistaurin feed groups, after which they were monitored monthly for the next 3 months. Ruboxistaurin administered pigs showed significantly better recovery of myocardial contractility 3 months after infarction injury, greater ejection fraction, and greater cardiac output compared with vehicle-treated pigs.


These results provide additional evidence in a large animal model of disease that PKCα/β inhibition (with ruboxistaurin) represents a tenable and novel therapeutic approach for treating human heart failure.

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