Several structural and functional changes of the heart have often been associated with human and experimental models of obesity. Some factors have been suggested as responsible for possible cardiac abnormalities in models of obesity, among them β-adrenergic system, an important mechanism of regulation of myocardial contraction and relaxation. The objetive of present study was to evaluate the . Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats were assigned to one of two groups: control (C) and obese (Ob). The C group was fed a standard diet and Ob group was fed cycles of four unsaturated high-fat diets for 15 weeks. The body fat was measured from the sum of the individual fat pad weights and the obesity was defined by adiposity index. Isolated papillary muscle preparation was performed under basal conditions and after inotropic and lusitropic maneuvers. β-adrenergic system was evaluated by using cumulative concentrations of isoproterenol and Western Blot. After 15 weeks, the Ob rats developed higher adiposity index than C rats. Obesity promoted comorbities such as glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, hyperleptinemia, and dyslipidemia; however, were not associated with changes in systolic blood pressure. The cardiac structure results post-death showed that obesity caused cardiac hypertrophy. Furthermore, Ob muscles developed similar baseline data, but myocardial responsiveness to post-rest contraction stimulus and increased extracellular Ca2+ was compromised. There were no changes in cardiac function between groups after β-adrenergic stimulation. The obesity was not accompanied by changes in protein expression of Gsα, β1 and β2 adrenergic receptors. In conclusion, the myorcardial dysfunction caused by unsaturated high-fat diet-induced obesity, after 15 weeks, is not related to β-adrenergic system impairment.