Abstract 260: A miRNA-Hippo Pathway Promotes Cardiac Conduction System Regeneration

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The cardiac conduction system (CCS) is required for initiating and maintaining regular rhythmic heartbeats and CCS defects can give rise to cardiac arrhythmia, a leading cause for morbidity worldwide. Given the poor self-repair potential in the adult human CCS, it is critical to elucidate the molecular mechanisms limiting CCS regeneration to facilitate developing efficient cardiovascular therapies. microRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding RNAs that repress gene expression post-transcriptionally. The miR-17-92 cluster can induce cardiomyocyte proliferation and regeneration. Hippo signaling, an ancient organ size control pathway, represses cardiomyocyte proliferation and regeneration. Here we found that both miR-17-92 and Hippo signaling were active in CCS. Disruption of either miR-17-92 or Hippo signaling in heart gave rise to cardiac arrhythmias in mice. Notably, miR-17-92 regulates Hippo signaling through repressing Lats2, a core Hippo pathway component. In miR-17-92 null mutant hearts, up-regulated Lats2 led to increased Hippo pathway activity. Moreover, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation deep sequencing (ChIP-Seq) using YAP, the Hippo signaling effector, which suggested that Hippo signaling regulates genes involved in CCS homeostasis. Together, we propose a novel miR-Hippo genetic pathway that promotes CCS regeneration.

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