Enhancement Strategies for Cardiac Regenerative Cell Therapy: Focus on Adult Stem Cells

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Abstract

The idiom heart of the matter refers to the focal point within a topic and, with regard to health and longevity, the heart is truly pivotal for quality of life. Societal trends worldwide continue toward increased percent body fat and decreased physical activity with coincident increases in chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease as the top global cause of death along with insulin resistance, accelerated aging, cancer. Although long-term survival rates for cardiovascular disease patients are grim, intense research efforts continue to improve both prevention and treatment options. Pharmacological interventions remain the predominant interventional strategy for mitigating progression and managing symptoms, but cellular therapies have the potential to cure or even mediate remission of cardiovascular disease. Adult stem cells are the most studied cellular therapy in both preclinical and clinical investigation. This review will focus on the advanced therapeutic strategies to augment products and methods of delivery, which many think heralds the future of clinical investigations. Advanced preclinical strategies using adult stem cells are examined to promote synergism between preclinical and clinical research, streamline implementation, and improve this imminent matter of the heart.

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