Can mortality due to circulatory failure in comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients be predicted on admission? A study in a retrospective derivation cohort validated in a prospective cohort

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Purpose:Circulatory failure (CF) influences management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients and the decision of circulatory assistance. We performed a study to identify on hospital admission patients at risk for CF-related death.Materials and methods:This is a single-center study including OHCA patients without obvious extracardiac cause and sustained return of spontaneous circulation, in a retrospective derivation (RC) and prospective validation cohort (PC). Univariate/multivariate logistic regression was used in the RC to determine a score predicting CF-related death (due to rearrest or persistent shock despite adequate fluid and catecholamine treatment). The score was validated in the PC.Results:We included 207 patients in the RC and 96 in the PC. Circulatory failure occurred in 59% of RC and 63% of PC patients (P = .70); 35% in both cohorts died of CF. In multivariate regression, correlates of CF-related death making up the logistic score were arterial pH (P < .0001) and shock requiring catecholamines on admission (P = .0045). In the PC, for a logistic score cut-off of 0.5, sensitivity for CF-related death was 50%; specificity, 92%. Patients with shock and arterial pH less than or equal to 7.11 had a CF-related death probability greater than 0.5.Conclusion:A logistic score based on arterial pH and shock requiring catecholamines on admission can predict CF-related death in OHCA patients.

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