Impact of acute kidney injury on neurological outcome and long-term survival after cardiac arrest – A 10 year observational follow up


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Abstract

Background:Acute kidney injury (AKI) may be associated with short- and long-term patient morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the impact of AKI after cardiac arrest on survival and neurological outcome was evaluated.Methods:An observational single center study was conducted and consecutively included all out and in hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA/IHCA) patients treated with therapeutic temperature management between 2006 and 2013. Patient morbidity, mortality and neurological outcome according to the widely used Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) were assessed. A good neurological outcome was defined as a CPC of 1–2 versus a poor neurological outcome with a CPC of 3–5. AKI was defined by using the KDIGO Guidelines 2012.Results:503 patients were observed in total. 29.4% (n = 148) developed AKI during their intensive care unit (ICU) stay. 70.6% (n = 355) did not experience AKI. The mean age at admission was 62 years, of those 72.8% were male and 77% experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). AKI occurred with 41.2% more often in the group with poor neurological outcome compared to 17.1% in the group with good neurological outcome. The median survival for patients after cardiac arrest with AKI was 0.07 years compared to 6.5 years for patients without AKI.Conclusion:Our data suggest that AKI is a major risk factor for a poor neurological outcome and a higher mortality after cardiac arrest. Further important risk factors were age, time to ROSC and high NSE.HighlightsAKI is a major risk factor for a poor neurological outcome after cardiac arrest.AKI predisposes to a higher mortality among those who survived cardiac arrest.AKI may reflect both, more severe chronic comorbid conditions and the extent of cardiac disease.

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