Regional differences in the treatment of refractory vasodilatory shock using Angiotensin II in High Output Shock (ATHOS-3) data


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Introduction:Despite international guidelines, regional differences in treatment of vasodilatory shock remain. We characterized these differences using data from Angiotensin II in High Output Shock (ATHOS-3) trial.Methods:The 321 patients treated in the ATHOS-3 trial were included. Baseline and hour-48 data were analyzed for differences in demographics, clinical characteristics, and treatment patterns, and grouped into four geographical areas: United States, Canada, Europe, and Australasia. Differences were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous, and chi-square tests for categorical data. Temporal analysis compared changes in the treatment of shock during the treatment period.Results:Differences in baseline characteristics across geographic areas were noted in BMI, albumin, CVP, MELD score, APACHE II score, and total SOFA score. Baseline norepinephrine and norepinephrine equivalent doses (NED) were higher (p<.0001 and p=.0494, respectively), and vasopressin use was lower (p<.0001) in Europe. Baseline steroids were utilized more in the US and Canada (p=.0011).Conclusions:Management of vasodilatory shock differs globally with respect to utilization of steroids and vasopressors. This practice heterogeneity may influence shock trials interpretation and patient outcomes, though more definitive evidence would require larger prospective intervention data.HIGHLIGHTSConsistent with international guidelines, norepinephrine was the primary vasopressor in all four regions across all comparison time pointsManagement of vasodilatory shock differs globally with respect to utilization of steroids and vasopressorsBaseline norepinephrine and norepinephrine equivalent doses (NED) were higher in Europe and vasopressin use was lowerBaseline steroids were utilized more in the US and CanadaUnited States, Europe and Australasia all utilized steroids at higher rates with worsening patient acuity

    loading  Loading Related Articles