|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
A 62-year-old Japanese man who presented with penile carcinoma is reported. The initial exophytic neoplasm excised from the coronal sulcus and prepuce on the abdominal side of the penis was diagnosed histologically as verrucous carcinoma. Twenty-six months after the primary operation, an epithelial neoplasm recurred within the scar of the primary operation. The neoplasm histologically showed verrucous carcinoma and multiple invasive foci of conventional squamous cell carcinoma in the advancing edge of the tumor, as such representing a hybrid verrucous-squamous carcinoma. A lymph node metastasis in the left superficial inguinal lymph node occurred 4 months after the second operation. A total bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy was performed and revealed no other lymph node metastases. The patient is alive without local recurrence or evidence of metastases in pelvic lymph nodes or visceral organs 2 years after the resection of the hybrid verrucous-squamous carcinoma. The initial verrucous carcinoma, recurrent hybrid verrucous-squamous carcinoma, and metastatic lymph node were negative for human papillomavirus DNA type 6, 11, 16, 18, and 33 sequences by dot blot hybridization of polymerase chain reaction products. The characteristics of hybrid verrucous-squamous carcinoma and importance of lymph node metastasis in penile carcinoma are discussed.