Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma Associated With Primary Immunodeficiency, Recurrent Diffuse Herpes Simplex Virus Infection, and Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma


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Abstract

Cutaneous microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare and poorly understood tumor that predominantly occurs in the head and neck. MAC usually affects people in their fourth and fifth decades. Some patients have had a history of radiation. We present a case of MAC occurring in the left antecubital fossa of an 18-year-old white woman with an unusual immunodeficiency syndrome. The patient also developed a squamous cell carcinoma, a cutaneous T-cell malignancy, and a perigastric leiomyoma. A congenital infection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) persisted throughout her life. The association of HSV infection with MAC and squamous cell carcinoma and that of peripheral T-cell lymphoma with Epstein-Barr virus is discussed in relation to her immunodeficiency.

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