Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans With Pseudolymphomatous Infiltrates

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In this study, we describe the clinicopathologic features of pseudolymphomatous infiltrates found within lesions of acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA). We studied 11 patients (10 females, 1 male, age range 60–88 years). The diagnosis of ACA in all cases was confirmed by clinicopathologic correlation and positive serology for Borrelia. Histopathologic examination revealed prominent, pseudolymphomatous inflammatory cell infiltrates in all cases, with 2 distinct patterns. Eight of 11 cases showed a band-like lymphocytic infiltrate, exocytosis of lymphocytes and a fibrotic papillary dermis, similar to features seen in mycosis fungoides. The other 3 cases showed dense, nodular-diffuse dermal infiltrates with many plasma cells and without germinal centers. The plasma cells expressed both kappa and lambda immunoglobulin light chains with a polyclonal pattern in all 3 cases. In conclusion, ACA may present with pseudolymphomatous infiltrates showing both a T-cell and, less frequently, a B-cell pattern. These lesions need to be distinguished from a cutaneous lymphoma. In the context of the knowledge of Borrelia-associated cutaneous lymphomas, follow-up seems advisable in these cases.

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