A retrospective study of 271 patients with parotid carcinoma seen between 1958 and 1980 is reported. Among these were 64 (24%) mucoepidermoid tumors (all degress of differentiation), 50 (18%) adenocarcinomas, 40 (15%) malignant mixed tumors, 39 (14%) adenoid cystic carcinomas, 37 (14%) undifferentiated, 21 (8%) acinic, and 20 (7%) squamous cell carcinomas. The proportion of advanced (T3T4) to early (T1T2) tumors was 1.7:1. At diagnosis, 42 (15%) patients had regional metastases. An analysis for prognostic factors showed that the histology, tumor stage, regional metastases (No vs. N+), age, and damage to the facial nerve all influence causespecific survival. After multivariate analysis the tumor size and the presence of regional metastases were the two most significant factors (p < 0.0001 and 0.004). The prognostic characteristics were similar for the 67 (25%) patients treated by surgery and for the 169 (62%) patients treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Patients treated with combined therapy had a 10-year relapse-free rate of 62% compared to 22% for those treated by surgery alone (p = 0.0005).