Predictors of Tumor Control in Patients Treated With Linac-Based Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Metastatic Disease to the Brain
The objective of this study was to determine predictive factors for local control (LC) of brain metastases (BM) treated with Linac-based stereotactic radiosurgery (LB-SRS).Methods:
Between January 1994 and July 2001, 80 patients (126 BM) underwent LB-SRS. All patients had follow-up imaging with computed tomography (40%) or magnetic resonance imaging (60%). Most patients had either lung (41%) or renal cell (20%) cancer. The median SRS prescription dose was 18 Gy (range, 10–21 Gy). Most patients (86%) also received whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). LC was defined as the absence of enlargement of the BM on follow-up scans. Actuarial LC analyses were performed by the method of Kaplan-Meier and compared with the log-rank test. Factors analyzed included histology, volume, prescription dose, maximum and minimum tumor dose, target volume ratio, number of arcs and isocenters, total degrees, and WBRT. Multivariate analysis was accomplished.Results:
At a median follow up of 8.8 months, 11 BM failed (8.7%). The 1-and 2-year actuarial LC rates were 88.6% and 77.2%, respectively. The most significant factors correlated with LC were prescription (P = 0.0004) and minimum tumor (P = 0.002) doses, and tumor volume (P = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, the sole factor correlated with LC was minimum tumor dose (P = 0.03).Conclusion:
Our results confirm that LB-SRS is associated with excellent LC rates in the majority of patients treated. However, particular attention should be given to minimum target dose to ensure optimal outcome.