Association Between Polymorphisms of ERCC1 and XPD and Clinical Response to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

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Background and Objective:DNA repair capacity is correlated with sensitivity of cancer cells toward platinum-based chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in polymorphisms of DNA repair gene ERCC1 (excision repair cross-complementation group 1) and XPD (ERCC2, excision repair cross-complementation group 2) were associated with the tumor response in advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients received platinum-based chemotherapy in Chinese population.Methods:Totally 115 patients with advanced NSCLC were routinely treated with cisplatin- or carboplatin-based chemotherapy, and clinical response was evaluated after 2 cycles. Three dimensions (3-D) polyacrylamide gel-based DNA microarray method was used to evaluate the genotypes of ERCC1 Asn118Asn (354 CT), Gln504Lys (8092 CA) and XPD Lys751Gln (35931 AC).Results:The C→T change of ERCC1 Asn118Asn polymorphism and the C→A change of ERCC1 Gln504Lys polymorphism have statistically significant association with elevated or descendent platinum-based chemotherapy response respectively.Conclusion:The polymorphic status of ERCC1 might be the promising ancillary marker for predicting treatment response of advanced stage NSCLC patients. The DNA microarray-based method is accurate, high-throughput and inexpensive, suitable for SNP genotyping in a large number of individuals.

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