Clinicopathological and Molecular Features of Colorectal Serrated Neoplasias With Different Mucosal Crypt Patterns

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OBJECTIVES:Endoscopic examination shows that serrated neoplasias (SNs), such as serrated adenomas and sessile serrated adenomas, exhibit different mucosal crypt patterns. However, it remains unclear whether advanced serrated polyps with different mucosal crypt patterns have different clinicopathological or molecular features.METHODS:We classified the mucosal crypt patterns of 86 SNs into three types (hyperplastic, adenomatous, and mixed pattern) and evaluated their clinicopathological and molecular features.RESULTS:We found significant differences in the proliferative activity status between SNs with mixed/adenomatous patterns and those with the hyperplastic patterns. SNs with the hyperplastic pattern were frequently located in the proximal colon and had a macroscopically superficial appearance, whereas SNs with the adenomatous pattern were often located in the distal colon and had a protruding appearance. Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in the frequency of the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), involving the methylation of two or more CIMP-related genes (MINT1,MINT2,MINT31,p16, andMLH1), between SNs with the hyperplastic pattern and those with the mixed/adenomatous patterns (18/32 (56%) vs. 8/28 (29%) or 7/26 (27%);P=0.0309 orP=0.0249, respectively). Moreover, the prevalence ofKRASmutations was significantly higher in SNs with the adenomatous pattern than in those with the hyperplastic pattern (7/26 (27%) vs. 1/32 (3%);P=0.0173). In comparison with other patterns, the mixed pattern was detected more frequently in mixed serrated polyps (MSPs), which contain separate histological components. Some MSPs exhibited concordant molecular alterations among the different histological components.CONCLUSIONS:The clinicopathological and molecular features of SNs correlated strongly with their mucosal crypt patterns, which were observed using chromoendoscopy.

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