Mycoplasma pneumonia presenting as meningoencephalitis and hemolytic anemia

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Simultaneous occurrence of cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia and central nervous system disease due to Mycoplasma pneumonia is extremely rare. A patient is described who initially presented with severe hemolysis and diffuse neurologic dysfunction which appeared during the period of roentgenographic resolution of her pneumonia. Spectrum, pathogenesis, and antimicrobial treatment of the neurologic complications are reviewed.

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