Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphomas of the Ocular Adnexa: Multiparameter Analysis of 34 Cases Including Interphase Molecular Cytogenetics and PCR for Chlamydia psittaci

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Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of MALT type (MALT lymphomas) show site-dependent variations in their morphologic, phenotypic, and/or cytogenetic findings. This report describes a comprehensive analysis of 34 ocular adnexa MALT lymphomas, including interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization for MALT lymphoma-associated cytogenetic abnormalities and polymerase chain reaction for Chlamydia psittaci, which has recently been suggested to be associated with ocular adnexa lymphomas. A typical morphologic pattern was identified in 79% of cases, while overtly monocytoid cytology (12%), predominantly plasmacytic features (9%), and lymphoepithelial lesions (3%) were uncommon. Aberrant CD43 or CD5 expression was also uncommon (12% and 3%, respectively). Plasmacytic differentiation (41%) was associated with stage IV disease (P=0.036) and gains of chromosomes 3 and/or 18q (P=0.021) (79%). +3 was more frequent in the orbit than in lacrimal gland or conjunctiva (P=0.005). Each of 31 cases was negative for MALT1 translocations. IGH translocations were identified in 3 cases (10%), although the translocation partner gene could not be identified. Polymerase chain reaction assays targeting species-specific regions within the C. psittaci omp1 and omp2 genes were negative in each of 30 cases. This study identifies the characteristic morphologic, phenotypic, and cytogenetic findings in ocular adnexa MALT lymphoma, including a subset differing from those arising at other anatomic sites. The frequent presence of +3 and/or +18q suggests that these abnormalities may contribute to lymphomagenesis. The lack of C. psittaci in this series, in contrast to some prior reports, indicates that there may also be geographic heterogeneity in the pathogenesis of ocular adnexa MALT lymphoma.

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