Phospho-ERKTHR202/Tyr214 Is Overexpressed in Hairy Cell Leukemia and Is a Useful Diagnostic Marker in Bone Marrow Trephine Sections

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


BRAF V600E mutations are present in virtually all cases of hairy cell leukemia (HCL). We hypothesized that detection of phospho-ERK (pERK) in tissue sections may be a useful marker for diagnosis of HCL. pERK/CD20 double immunostaining was performed on 90 formalin-fixed bone marrow trephine samples affected with small B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, including 28 cases of HCL. pERK staining was observed in all 28 cases of HCL and in 1 of 62 cases of non-HCL B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. By allele-specific polymerase chain reaction, all 11 cases of HCL with available DNA were positive for BRAF V600E, as was the 1 pERK+ non-HCL case. The remaining 31 non-HCL cases tested were negative for BRAF V600E. The sensitivity and specificity of pERK for diagnosis of HCL was 100% and 98%, respectively. We conclude that the presence of pERK as detected by immunohistochemical staining is a useful surrogate marker for BRAF V600E in the diagnosis of HCL.

    loading  Loading Related Articles