Myolipoma of Soft Tissue: Clinicopathologic Analysis of 34 Cases

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Myolipoma of soft tissue, which was first described by Meis and Enzinger (1991), is a rare benign neoplasm characterized by the admixture of mature adipocytes and well-differentiated smooth muscle cells. Recently, cytogenetic alteration of the HMGA2 gene has been reported in 2 myolipomas. We present the clinicopathologic features of 34 cases of myolipoma of soft tissue, study immunoreactivity for HMGA2, and review the previous literature. In our series, there were 32 women and 2 men, with age at presentation ranging from 35 to 94 years (median, 55 y). The most frequently affected site was retroperitoneum (47%), followed by pelvis (15%), abdominal wall (12%), and intra-abdominal sites (9%). Follow-up information was available for 17 patients (50%), ranging from 1 to 202 months (mean, 41 mo). None has developed local recurrence or metastasis. Grossly, tumors were well circumscribed, and the cut surface showed an admixture of yellowish adipose tissue and tan-whitish nodules. The size ranged from 2.4 to 60 cm (median 10.5 cm). Histologically, the tumors were composed of an intimate admixture of mature fat cells and bland spindle-shaped cells with brightly eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in fascicles. Some cases showed the following unusual features focally: hypercellular fascicular pattern (N=2), degenerative nuclear atypia (N=1), round cell morphology (N=1), hemosiderin deposition (N=1), metaplastic cartilage (N=1), metaplastic bone (N=1), and eosinophil infiltrates (N=1). Immunohistochemically, spindle cells showed strong and diffuse positivity for desmin (26/26 cases), SMA (20/21), and ER (13/15). Nuclear positivity for HMGA2 was identified in 15 of 25 cases (60%). MDM2 and CDK4 were usually negative (14/15, 8/9, respectively). In summary, myolipoma of soft tissue is a distinctive benign tumor composed of mature fat cells and smooth muscle cells and arises most commonly in deep-seated locations of middle-aged women. In our study, 60% of cases showed nuclear staining for HMGA2 by immunohistochemistry, which supports the possibility that these tumors harbor aberration of the HMGA2 gene, as seen in lipomas and leiomyomas elsewhere.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles