Acid-Base Disorders: Application of Total Body Carbon Dioxide Titration in Anesthesia

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Every anesthesiologist is aware of the importance of acid-base determinations, but the multiplicity of duties required in clinical anesthesia often leave time for blood-gas measurements at most. The author presents a relatively simple four-step system for more complete interpretation, with biomathematical backgrounding. In summary, he points out that the dominant parameter remains the patient's clinical history in relation to hydrogen ion, Paco2, and bicarbonate.

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