Hemostatic Changes in Pediatric Neurosurgical Patients as Evaluated by Thrombelastograph®

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Thromboembolic events are a known complication in neurosurgical patients. There is evidence to suggest that a hypercoagulable state may develop perioperatively. Thrombelastograph® (TEG®) coagulation analysis is a reliable method of evaluating hypercoagulability. We evaluated coagulation by using TEG® data in pediatric neurosurgical patients undergoing craniotomy to determine whether a hypercoagulable state develops intraoperatively or postoperatively. Thirty children undergoing craniotomy for removal of a tumor or seizure focus were studied. Blood was analyzed with TEG® data by using native and celite techniques, at three time points for each patient: preoperatively after induction of anesthesia; intraoperatively during closure of the dura; and on the first postoperative day. Compared with preoperative indices, closing and postoperative celite TEG® values were indicative of hypercoagulability with shortened coagulation time values (P < 0.001), prolonged α angle divergence values (P < 0.001), and above-normal TEG® coagulation indices (P ≤ 0.002). Reaction time values were shortened, and maximal amplitude of clot strength values were prolonged but did not reach statistical significance. Hypercoagulation develops early after resection of brain tissue in pediatric neurosurgical patients as assessed by using TEG® data. Further studies are needed to determine the clinical significance of this hypercoagulable state.

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