The Effect of the Combined Administration of Colloids and Lactated Ringer’s Solution on the Coagulation System: An In Vitro Study Using Thrombelastograph Coagulation Analysis (ROTEG)
Gelatin solutions are often given in clinical practice once the maximal dose of a median-weight hydroxyethyl starch (HES) has been reached. Colloids are usually combined with lactated Ringer’s solution (RL). Whether the combined administration of colloids and/or crystalloids affects blood coagulation is not known. We diluted blood by 20%, 40%, and 60% with RL, gelatin (Gelofusin®), 6% HES 130/0.4 (Voluven®), and 6% HES 200/0.5 (Iso-Hes®), as well as with combinations of these solutions at a ratio of 1:1 (gelatin/RL, 6% HES 130/0.4:RL, 6% HES 200/0.5:RL, 6% HES 130/0.4:gelatin, 6% HES 200/0.5:gelatin). Thereafter, blood was analyzed by using modified thrombelastograph® coagulation analysis (ROTEG®) and clotting time, clot formation time, and maximal clot firmness were determined. RL had the least effect on hemostasis. Gelatin administered alone impaired the coagulation system significantly less than each median-weight HES administered alone. We conclude that gelatin combined with 6% HES 200/0.5 or 6% HES 130/0.4 decreases hemostasis <6% HES 200/0.5 or 6% HES 130/0.4 administered alone.