The Relationship Between Bispectral Index and Electroencephalographic Parameters During Isoflurane Anesthesia

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Bispectral index (BIS) integrates various electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters into a single variable. However, the exact algorithm used to synthesize the parameters to BIS values is not known. The relationship between BIS and EEG parameters was evaluated during nitrous oxide/isoflurane anesthesia. Twenty patients scheduled for elective ophthalmic surgery were enrolled in the study. After EEG recording with a BIS monitor (A-1050) was begun, general anesthesia was induced and maintained with 0.5%–2% isoflurane and 66% nitrous oxide. Using software we developed, we continuously recorded BIS, spectral edge frequency 95% (SEF95), and EEG parameters such as relative beta ratio (BetaRatio), relative synchrony of fast and slow wave (SynchFastSlow), and burst suppression ratio. BetaRatio was linearly correlated with BIS (r = 0.90; P < 0.01; n = 253) at BIS more than 60. At a BIS range of 30 to 80, SynchFastSlow (r = 0.60; P < 0.01; n = 3314) and SEF95 (r = 0.75; P < 0.01; n = 3339) were linearly correlated with BIS. The correlation between BIS and SEF95 was significantly better than the correlation between BIS and SynchFastSlow (P < 0.01). At BIS less than 30, the burst suppression ratio was inversely linearly correlated with BIS (r = 0.76; P < 0.01; n = 65). At BIS less than 80, burst-compensated SEF95 was linearly correlated with BIS (r = 0.78; P < 0.01; n = 3404). In the range of BIS from 60 to 100, BIS can be calculated from Beta-Ratio. At surgical levels of anesthesia, BIS and Synch-FastSlow (a parameter derived from bispectral analysis) or burst-compensated SEF95 (derived from power spectral analysis) are well correlated. However, our results show that SynchFastSlow has no advantage over SEF95 in calculation of BIS.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles