A Comparison of Intravenous Oxycodone and Intravenous Morphine in Patient-Controlled Postoperative Analgesia After Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

In this study, we investigated the dose requirements, pain relief, and side effects of oxycodone versus morphine after surgery with visceral pain.

METHODS:

Ninety-one women received IV oxycodone or morphine before the end of laparoscopic hysterectomy and then continued with patient-controlled analgesia for 24 h postoperatively.

RESULTS:

The accumulated oxycodone consumption was less (13.3 ± 10.4 mg vs 22.0 ± 13.1 mg, P = 0.001) than morphine. With oxycodone, the visual analog scale scores were significantly lower in the first hour postoperatively and sedation was less during the 24-h postoperative period, P = 0.006.

CONCLUSIONS:

Oxycodone was more potent than morphine for visceral pain relief but not for sedation.

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