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Simulation techniques are increasingly being used in anesthesia training programs and to a lesser extent in evaluation of residents. We describe 7 years of experience with Objective Structured Clinical Examination–based regional anesthesia assessment in the Israeli National Board Examinations in Anesthesiology. We believe this is the first use of such mock scenarios for the assessment of regional anesthesia for the important purpose of national accreditation. During the study period, 308 candidates were examined in 1 of 8 different blocks. The total pass rate was 83%(257 of 308), ranging from 73% to 91%. The interrater correlation for total, critical, and global scores were 0.84, 0.88, and 0.75, respectively. Technological and cost constraints preclude actual assessment of regional anesthesia. However, testing formats that more closely reflect clinical practice are potentially valuable adjuncts to traditional examinations.