Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
Ultrasound contrast agents are gas-filled microbubbles that enhance visualization of cardiac structures, function and blood flow during contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). An interesting cardiovascular application of CEUS is myocardial contrast echocardiography, which allows real-time myocardial perfusion imaging. The intraoperative use of this technically challenging imaging method is limited at present, although several studies have examined its clinical utility during cardiac surgery in the past. In the present review we provide general information on the basic principles of CEUS and discuss the methodology and technical aspects of myocardial perfusion imaging.