Predictive Factors in Global and Anesthesia Satisfaction in Ambulatory Surgical Patients
Patient satisfaction is one of the variables that affect the outcome of health care and the use of health-care services. As more procedures are performed on an ambulatory basis, the role of the anesthesiologist becomes more important. To improve the delivery of care, the predictors of dissatisfaction with the entire process (global dissatisfaction) of ambulatory surgery and with anesthesia itself must be identified. The authors conducted a hypothesis-generating study to identify predictors; specifically, they hypothesized that satisfaction with anesthesia was a predictor of global satisfaction with ambulatory surgery and that 24-h postoperative symptoms were a predictor of satisfaction with anesthesia.Methods:
The authors prospectively studied 5,228 consecutive patients having surgery in the ambulatory setting during a 1-yr period. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were gathered and patient satisfaction was assessed using a postoperative telephone questionnaire administered 24 h after operation in 2,730 respondents. Significant univariate variables and clinically important variables were entered into multiple logistic regression models. Qualitative data on dissatisfaction were obtained by asking patients' reasons for dissatisfaction.Results:
Sixty-eight of the 2,730 respondents (2.5%) had global dissatisfaction with ambulatory surgery. Nine of these patients were dissatisfied with anesthesia. Dissatisfaction with anesthesia was associated with a 12-fold increase in global dissatisfaction (P = 0.0001). Thirty-one of the 2,730 respondents (1.1%) were dissatisfied with anesthesia. An increasing number of symptoms occurring 24 h after operation was associated with an exp(0.28 x N)-fold increase in dissatisfaction with anesthesia for N number of symptoms (P = 0.0001). Qualitative data showed that the most common reason for global dissatisfaction with ambulatory surgery was personal preference for inpatient care (26%), whereas intraoperative and postoperative adverse outcomes were the major causes of dissatisfaction with anesthesia (88%).Conclusions:
Dissatisfaction with anesthesia is a predictor of global dissatisfaction with ambulatory surgery. An increasing number of symptoms 24 h after operation is a predictor of dissatisfaction with anesthesia. The rate of global dissatisfaction and anesthesia dissatisfaction is very low. The predictors from this model need to be validated by a second data set from either this or another center. Given the low rate of dissatisfaction, a focused study testing specific interventions to improve patient satisfaction would be difficult.