Hemangioma of the Temporalis Muscle: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of infancy and childhood. Most involve skin and subcutaneous tissues and are readily visible. Intramuscular hemangiomas are very uncommon, and rarely appear in the musculature of the head and neck. A 59-year-old woman who had had a lipoma excised from her left temporal region many years earlier underwent excision of a hemangioma of the left temporalis muscle. Intramuscular hemangiomas do not spontaneously involute and should be removed as soon as they are diagnosed, in order to obviate later destruction of the involved muscle and adjacent tissues. Preoperative embolization of the hemangioma may reduce intraoperative hemorrhaging.

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