Technical Modifications for On-site Nipple-Areola Reconstruction

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There have been numerous techniques and refinements for nipple-areola reconstruction described that have required the use of distant donor sites. A further modification of the skate flap is described, whereby the entire reconstruction can be performed on site, thus avoiding a second scar and any subsequent morbidity. This technique is easy to perform and has all the advantages of the skate flap as described by Little.

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