Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap for Recontouring and Augmentation After TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction

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Abstract

The transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap is the most commonly used autogenous tissue flap for breast reconstruction. However, it may not provide sufficient volume in all patients to match the contralateral breast. Insufficient abdominal bulk or bilateral reconstructions limit the amount of tissue available for the TRAM flap. Partial flap loss from fat necrosis or radiation injury may result in contour deformities of the reconstructed breast. Additional soft-tissue augmentation and contouring may be necessary to produce adequate volume, contour, and symmetry. The authors present 7 patients who underwent latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction to correct volume and contour abnormalities that developed after TRAM flap breast reconstruction. Preservation of the serratus branch of the thoracodorsal vessels allows this flap to be used even after free TRAM flap reconstruction.

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