Changes in Anthropometric Values of Paired Craniofacial Measurements of Patients With Right Coronal Synostosis

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Quantitative changes of the 5 paired (right and left) projective linear measurements of the craniofacial complex were analyzed by anthropometric methods in 26 patients (9 males and 17 females) with right coronal synostosis, 16 in infancy (0–5 and 6–12 months) and 10 in early childhood (1–10 years). Measurements were taken from 3 regions: the supraorbital rim length of the head (t-g), the length (en-ex) and height (ps-pi) of the eye fissures in orbits, and the width (pra-pa) and length (sa-sba) of the ears. None of the patients had undergone corrective surgery.

Anthropometric analysis of patients in infancy showed a large percentage of subnormal supraorbital rim lengths (t-g) on the right side of the head, with a higher frequency in females (90.9%) than in males (80.0%). Eye fissure lengths (en-ex) were subnormal more often in males than in females on both sides, while heights were generally normal bilaterally in both sexes (72.7–100% of cases). Ears of normal width (pra-pa) and length (sa-sba) were more frequent in females. In males, the frequency of subnormal ear widths and lengths surpassed those in females. The most remarkable changes between infancy and early childhood were noted in the orbital region, in which subnormal eye fissure lengths became bilaterally normal in both sexes.

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