Gynecomastia Surgery—Impact on Life Quality: A Prospective Case-Control Study

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ObjectiveTo evaluate the results of surgical treatment of gynecomastia in the context of quality of life and satisfaction after the surgery.MethodsFifty male patients (mean age, 25.1 years [SD = 8 years]) who underwent surgery for gynecomastia and completed both (preoperative and postoperative) stages of the study were included in the analysis. The quality-of-life evaluation instrument was The Short Form-36 Health Survey Questionnaire. Additionally, we used a short questionnaire including 2 questions about patient satisfaction with gynecomastia surgery.ResultsThe overall change in life satisfaction after gynecomastia surgery was 1 point on Likert scale (sign test, P < 0.0001). Participants after gynecomastia surgery scored significantly higher than before the procedure in all Short Form-36 Health Survey Questionnaire domains as well as in 2 main scales Psychical and Physical Health. The changes were especially visible for the domain social functioning and a scale Psychical Health (P < 0.0001).ConclusionsGynecomastia surgery significantly improved men's life quality in all aspects and especially in the social aspect and psychical health. This indicates that adult men with gynecomastia are a specific group of patients, in which surgery may result in life quality improvement even over the average scores.

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