Comparison of Long-term Outcome of Laparoscopic and Conventional Nissen Fundoplication: A Prospective Randomized Study With an 11-Year Follow-up

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Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this study was to compare the long-term objective and subjective outcomes of laparoscopic and open Nissen fundoplication in a randomized clinical trial with an 11-year follow-up.

Summary Background Data:

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has become the method of choice in antireflux surgery, replacing its open counterpart despite the lack of long-term results from controlled clinical studies.

Methods:

Between April 1992 and June 1995, 110 consecutive patients were randomized to either laparoscopic (LAP) or conventional (open) Nissen fundoplication. The objective long-term follow-up consisted of an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and a clinical assessment; the subjective long-term outcome was investigated by personal interviews using a structured questionnaire.

Results:

Forty-nine patients in the LAP group and 37 patients in the open group were available for evaluation. Late subjective results, including postoperative symptoms and evaluation of the surgical result, were similar in both groups. With the benefit of hindsight, 73.7% of the patients in the open group and 81.8% in the LAP group would again choose surgical treatment (P = 0.3042). In the LAP group, there were 5 (13.2%) partially or totally disrupted plications compared with the 14 (40.0%) disrupted plications in the open group (P = 0.0152). There were 10 incisional hernias in the open group compared with none in the LAP group (P < 0.001).

Conclusions:

At long-term follow-up, the open and LAP approaches for the Nissen fundoplication have similar long-term subjective symptomatic outcome despite the significantly higher incidence of incisional hernias and defective fundic wraps at endoscopy in the open group defining laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication as the procedure of choice in surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

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