Factors Associated with Perceived Quality of Life Many Years After Traumatic Brain Injury

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Objectives:To explore factors associated with perceived quality of life (QOL) 8 to 24 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Design:Retrospective cohort study.Participants:Two hundred seventy-five individuals who sustained moderate to severe TBI who were discharged from a rehabilitation hospital participated in this study. We interviewed consenting participants up to 24 years after injury.Outcome Measures:Self-rated Quality of Life Scale.Results:Multivariate linear regression analyses revealed that perceived mental health, self-rated health, gender (women rating QOL higher), participation in work and leisure, and the availability of emotional support were significantly associated with QOL (P < .05).Conclusion:The importance of designing ongoing support programs to further reintegrate TBI survivors several years after injury is discussed.

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