Marginal Structural Models and Causal Inference in Epidemiology

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

In observational studies with exposures or treatments that vary over time, standard approaches for adjustment of confounding are biased when there exist time-dependent confounders that are also affected by previous treatment. This paper introduces marginal structural models, a new class of causal models that allow for improved adjustment of confounding in those situations. The parameters of a marginal structural model can be consistently estimated using a new class of estimators, the inverse-probability-of-treatment weighted estimators.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles