Repair of Bone Defects Treated with Autogenous Bone Graft and Low-Power Laser

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Because bone healing at the graft site is similar to a fracture repair, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of low-power laser irradiation on the repair of rat skull defects treated with autogenous bone graft. A defect measuring 3 mm in diameter was produced in the left parietal bone and filled with an autogenous bone graft obtained from the right parietal bone. The animals were divided into 3 groups of 20 rats each: nonirradiated control, irradiated with 5.1 J/cm2, and irradiated with 10.2 J/cm2. The laser (2.4 mW, 735 nm, 3.4 × 10−2 W/cm2, 3-mm spot size) was applied three times per week for 4 weeks. Greater volume of newly formed bone was observed in the irradiated group with 10.2 J/cm2. In both irradiated groups, a greater volume of newly formed bone occurred only in the first 2 weeks. The results demonstrated that laser irradiation at the grafted site stimulated osteogenesis during the initial stages of the healing process in a skull defect of the rat and that this effect was dose dependent.

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