Pediatric Nasoorbitoethmoid Fractures

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The pediatric craniofacial trauma literature largely focuses on the management of mandible fractures, with very little information focusing on pediatric midface fractures, specifically nasoorbitethmoid (NOE) fractures. Because the diagnosis and surgical treatment plan for adult NOE fractures is well established in the literature, the treatment algorithms for NOE are essentially a transfer of adult practices to pediatric patients. This article reviews the differences between the pediatric and adult facial skeleton and the pathology and presentation of NOE fractures in the pediatric craniomaxillofacial skeleton. It also presents the effects of NOE fractures on the growth and development of the pediatric facial skeleton and describes the current surgical management for NOE fractures.

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