Gynaecological malignancies in pregnancy

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To review the management of gynaecological cancers occurring in association with pregnancy. To consider the impact of the cancer on the pregnancy, and the impact of the pregnancy on the cancer.

Recent findings

The management of gynaecological cancers in pregnancy remains, fortunately, a rare problem for the gynaecological oncology team. This inevitably means that many management decisions will be informed by relatively small case series and case reports. There have been interesting reports where pregnancy has been prolonged to achieve fetal viability in both cervix and ovary cancer in pregnancy, and these are discussed below.

Summary

Any cancer in pregnancy is a catastrophic event for the woman and her partner, and poses great challenges for the multidisciplinary team responsible for her care. Gynaecological cancers in pregnancy are even more stressful as the woman will naturally worry about the survival of her baby, and the implications for her future fertility. Fortunately the outcome for most women and their babies is favourable.

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