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WE examined the temporal modulation of intracellular calcium release channels in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). We found a circadian rhythm in [3H]ryanodine binding that was specific to the SCN. The peak in the rhythm occurred at CT 7 and was due to an increase in Bmax, which correlated well with immunoblots showing an increase in RyR-2 expression in the SCN. Double immunohistochemical studies showed that RyR-2 was expressed exclusively in neurons. Ryanodine and caffeine applied around CT 7–9 advanced the clock phase in a hamster brain slice preparation. No rhythm of IP3R was seen in any of the brain areas studied. Our results indicate that RyR-2 exhibits an endogenous rhythm, which influences the intracellular calcium dynamics and thus modulates SCN activity.