Messenger RNA expression of resistance proteins and related factors in human ovarian carcinoma cell lines resistant to doxorubicin, taxol and cisplatin

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Doxorubicin- (OAW-dox, SK-OV-dox), taxol- (OAW-tax, SK-OV-tax) and cisplatin- (SK-OV-cis) resistant cells derived from the parental OAW-42 and SK-OV-3 cell lines were established. OAW-42 sublines showed high resistance, the SK-OV-3 sublines only low resistance. OAW-42 sublines showed a cross-resistance profile typical of multidrug resistance (MDR). The sublines of SK-OV-3 showed a cross-resistance profile different from the OAW-42 sublines. The mRNA expression of several resistance proteins and related factors was analyzed. An overexpression of P-glycoprotein 170 (P-170), glutathione-S-transferase-π (GST-π), thymidylate synthase (TS), glutathione peroxidase (GP) and c-jun was found In OAW-dox and OAW-tax cells. Additionally, OAW-tax cells expressed a higher mRNA level of protein kinase Cβ;2. DNA analysis revealed a 2-fold gene amplification of P-170, whereas the genes for GST-T, TS and GP were not amplified. SK-OV-dox and SK-OV-tax cells showed a decreased level of histone 3 (H3) and TS mRNA. This shows that the sublines of OAW-42 developed resistance by co-expression of several resistance-related proteins and proto-oncogenes whereas the sublines of SK-OV-3 expressed resistance by decreased expression of the proliferation-dependent proteins H3 and TS.

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