Bastadin 6, a spongean brominated tyrosine derivative, inhibits tumor angiogenesis by inducing selective apoptosis to endothelial cells

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Bastadin 6, a macrocyclic tetramer of a brominated tyrosine derivative, was isolated from a marine sponge and its anti-angiogenic activity was evaluated. Bastadin 6 was found to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)- or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-dependent proliferation (IC50=0.052 μmol/l) of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) 20- to 100-fold selectively in comparison with normal fibroblast (3Y1) or several tumor cells (KB3-1, K562 and Neuro2A). Bastadin 6 also inhibited VEGF- or bFGF-induced tubular formation (0.1 μmol/l, 6 h treatment) and VEGF-induced migration (1 μmol/l, 4 h treatment) of HUVECs. Moreover, bastadin 6 almost completely blocked VEGF- or bFGF-induced in vivo neovascularization in the mice corneal assay and suppressed growth of s.c. inoculated A431 solid tumor in nude mice (100 mg/kg, i.p.). Bastadin 6 induced cell death of HUVECs with an apoptotic phenotype, whereas it showed no effect on the VEGF-induced auto-phosphorylation of VEGF receptors Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1. These results suggest that the anti-angiogenic effect of bastadin 6 is closely related to selective induction activity of apoptosis against endothelial cells.

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