Innovation in Residency Selection: The AAMC Standardized Video Interview


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Abstract

PurposeInnovative tools are needed to shift residency selection toward a more holistic process that balances academic achievement with other competencies important for success in residency. The authors evaluated the feasibility of the AAMC Standardized Video Interview (SVI) and evidence of the validity of SVI total scores.MethodThe SVI, developed by the Association of American Medical Colleges, consists of six questions designed to assess applicants’ interpersonal and communication skills and knowledge of professionalism. Study 1 was conducted in 2016 for research purposes. Study 2 was an operational pilot administration in 2017; SVI data were available for use in residency selection by emergency medicine programs for the 2018 application cycle. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and standardized mean differences were used to examine data.ResultsStudy 1 included 855 applicants; Study 2 included 3,532 applicants. SVI total scores were relatively normally distributed. There were small correlations between SVI total scores and United States Medical Licensing Examination Step exam scores, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society membership, and Gold Humanism Honor Society membership. There were no-to-small group differences in SVI total scores by gender and race/ethnicity, and small-to-medium differences by applicant type.ConclusionsFindings provide initial evidence of the validity of SVI total scores and suggest that these scores provide different information than academic metrics. Use of the SVI, as part of a holistic screening process, may help program directors widen the pool of applicants invited to in-person interviews and may signal that programs value interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism.

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