Similar effectiveness of direct-acting antiviral against hepatitis C virus in patients with and without HIV infection

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We compared the baseline characteristics, effectiveness, and tolerance of direct-acting antiviral drug (DAA)-based regimens taken by hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected and HCV/HIV-coinfected individuals in clinical practice.


We performed a prospective observational study in two tertiary centres in Madrid, Spain, which included all HCV-monoinfected and HCV/HIV-coinfected patients undergoing HCV treatment with all-oral DAA regimens in a routine clinical setting, from April 2015 to November 2015. We evaluated sustained virological response 12 weeks after the end of therapy (SVR12), adverse events, and baseline and treatment characteristics.


The study population comprised 1634 patients: 1152 HCV-monoinfected patients (70%) and 482 HCV/HIV-coinfected patients (30%). Fifty percent had cirrhosis, and 47% were peginterferon/ribavirin-experienced. HCV/HIV-coinfected patients were younger [median age (interquartile range) 51 (48–54) years vs. 59 (50–68) years; P < 0.001), more frequently male (76 vs. 54%; P < 0.001), and infected with genotypes 1a (37 vs. 17%; P < 0.001), 3 (15 vs. 7%; P < 0.001), and 4 (23 vs. 4%; P < 0.001). One of every three patients took ribavirin. SVR12 was 94% (95% confidence interval 91.7–96%) and 97% (95% confidence interval 95.7–99.4%) in coinfected and monoinfected patients, respectively, with no significant differences between the groups after adjustment for cirrhosis, genotype, and DAA combination. DAA-based regimens were well tolerated, and only 1% of patients had severe adverse events, with no differences between the populations.


HCV/HIV-infected patients treated with all-oral DAA combinations achieved high rates of SVR12 that were similar to those of HCV-monoinfected patients under real-life conditions. Safety and tolerance were excellent, even in patients with end-stage liver disease.

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