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Mercer TH, Crawford C, Gleeson NP, Naish PF: Low-volume exercise rehabilitation improves functional capacity and self-reported functional status of dialysis patients. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002;81:162–167.The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a program of low-volume exercise rehabilitation on the functional capacity and self-reported functional status of nonanemic dialysis patients.This was a controlled study in a clinical setting with a repeated measures design. Functional capacity and functional status were assessed before and after 12 wk of exercise rehabilitation or 12 wk of normal activity for two groups of dialysis patients.Mixed-model repeated measures analysis of variance revealed significant group by time interactions characterized by improvements for the exercise rehabilitation group alone in total walk, stair-climb, and stair-descent times of 15 ± 5.8%, 22 ± 11%, and 18 ± 12% respectively. Self-reported walking speed, walking impairment–leg weakness, and walking impairment–shortness of breath were also observed to improve significantly for the exercise rehabilitation group alone by 15 ± 13%, 25 ± 11%, and 28 ± 16%, respectively.Low-volume exercise rehabilitation can improve activity of daily living–related functional capacity and self-reported functional status of nonanemic dialysis patients.