Stroke Impairment Predictors of Discharge Function, Length of Stay, and Discharge Destination in Stroke Rehabilitation

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Wee JYM, Hopman WM: Stroke impairment predictors of discharge function, length of stay, and discharge destination in stroke rehabilitation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84:604–612.Objectives:This article presents analytic results from a prospective study of 313 stroke rehabilitation patients, looking at the relative contributions of different stroke impairments toward prediction of discharge function, rehabilitation length of stay, and discharge destination after inpatient rehabilitation. The relationship between number of stroke risk factors and recurrence of strokes during rehabilitation was also evaluated.Methods:A total of 313 subjects were enrolled consecutively. Information on type of stroke and individual stroke-related impairment was collected prospectively. Recurrent stroke, rehabilitation length of stay, discharge destination, discharge function, and available family support at discharge were documented.Results:Rates of impairment occurrence and coexistence are presented. Analysis using linear (length of stay, discharge function) and logistic (discharge destination) regression revealed significant contributory predictive effects of admission balance, aphasia, number of impairments, and family support on length of stay; admission balance and number of impairments on discharge function; and admission balance, body neglect, and presence of family support on discharge destination.Conclusion:In addition to admission function and balance, other factors to consider in predicting length of stay for patients should include the number of stroke-related impairments and family support. For discharge destination prediction, the presence of body neglect should be considered in addition to balance and family support. Evaluation of patients for right-sided neglect and left-sided neglect is important.

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