Occupational Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields and Alzheimer Disease

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Abstract

Summary

The association between occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and Alzheimer disease (AD) was examined. Subjects were identified from a large health maintenance organization in Seattle, Washington, and matched by age, sex, and proxy type. A complete occupational history was obtained from proxies and controls. Following the interview, two industrial hygienists (IHs) rated exposures to EMF for each job blinded to case-control status. Exposures to EMF were rated as probable intermittent exposure or probable exposure for extended periods to levels above threshold. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the risk of AD given EMF exposure stratified by IH. The odds ratios for ever having been exposed to EMF were 0.74 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.29-1.92] and 0.95 (95% CI 0.27-2.43) for each IH, adjusting for age and education. No dose-response effect was noted. Agreement between the two IHs for ever having been exposed to EMF was good (K=0.57, p<0.0001). This study was unable to support an association between EMF and AD

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