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The aim of this study is to describe all aspects of the process of using MR imaging to control thermal ablation procedures and the strengths and weaknesses of the individual thermal ablation modalities in relation to their use in the MR environment. Magnetic resonance thermal sequences, MR scanner configurations, and the different thermal ablation modalities are discussed in the context of how they are commonly used in MR scanners to provide optimal image guidance of therapy. The outcomes of completed research on some of the applications of thermal tissue ablation using MR guidance are described to indicate how these processes may impact patient treatment. At the end of this review, the reader should have an understanding of how MR guidance of thermal ablation may be carried out, in what areas it is currently most used, and were it may develop in the near future.