Upper Eyelid Island Orbicularis Oculi Myocutaneous Flap for Periorbital Reconstruction

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To describe the upper eyelid island orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flap, medially or laterally based, for reconstruction of periorbital defects.


During the past three years we have used the island orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flap in 62 patients with tumors of the periorbital area, with the following indications: (a) anterior lamellar defects of the medial aspect of the upper eyelid, when the peripheral arcade is intact; (b) up to 2/3 anterior lamellar lower eyelid defects; (c) inner and outer canthus defects; and (d) defects of the peripalpebral area (the lateral half of the eyebrow, bridge of the nose and suprazygomatic areas).


The flap proved to be flexible, safe, relatively simple, and provided good functional and aesthetic results. Complications were minimal.


The upper eyelid island orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flap may be a useful tool for periorbital reconstruction.

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